A holistic approach to health is more popular and practiced than ever before. With this popularity comes an influx of products, opinions, and information.
When it comes to any and all products derived from the notorious cannabis plant, stigma is sure to be attached. Understandably so, it is easy to get lost or confused in the tornado of information and opinions.
Fortunately, in this article, we are going to help clear up this confusion. We are going to specifically discuss broad spectrum hemp, where it comes from, and how it is similar and different from other hemp oils.
Read on to debunk the mysterious hemp plant and the homeopathic remedies that come from it.
What is Broad Spectrum Hemp?
As you are probably aware, there are countless hemp-based products on the market. You can wear clothes made from hemp, use hemp powered batteries, and even grab a latte at your favorite trendy coffee spot made with hemp milk.
Clearly, hemp is an incredibly versatile and useful plant. Broad spectrum hemp, specifically, is a type of hemp oil used in making CBD oil.
Read on to find out more about CBD oil and the different types of hemp oil used to make it.
What is CBD Oil?
Derived exclusively from the hemp plant, CBD oil is a popular holistic health remedy. CBD is short for "cannabidiol".
Legal in all 50 states, CBD quickly rose in fame due to its impressive list of health benefits for humans and animals alike.
While hemp is a member of the cannabis family, hemp does not cause psychoactive effects like its infamous cousin, marijuana. Naturally, this association with cannabis is where CBD oil gets its stigma.
Read on to find out the scientific differences between CBD and marijuana.
Hemp Plant vs. Marijuana Plant
As previously mentioned, hemp is a member of the cannabis family. As is likely true in your own family, not all members are identical.
People may share similarities, but every member of a family has a unique set of attributes. Members of the cannabis family are no different.
Think of hemp and marijuana as sisters. While they may look similar on the outside, on the inside they are quite different.
The Infamous Marijuana Plant
There are many differences between cannabis family cousins hemp and marijuana. First of all, marijuana is not legal in most states.
In fact, in many states, marijuana is only legal for medicinal use. In those states, you need a doctor's prescription to legally acquire any and all marijuana products.
On the scientific side, the chemical composition of marijuana varies greatly from that of hemp. Marijuana is most known for its psychoactive effects. In other words, causing the feeling of being "high".
This physical reaction is caused by tetrahydrocannabinol or "THC". The marijuana plant can boast upwards of 30% THC.
Furthermore, the marijuana plant does, in fact, also contain CBD. However, it does not produce as much CBD as the hemp plant does.
Therefore, be conscious of where your CBD oil is sourced from. If you are in the market purely for therapeutic aid, be sure to only seek out hemp-sourced CBD oil.
The Versatile Hemp Plant
As previously stated, the hemp plant is a powerful ingredient in many commercial products. From hemp milk to hemp fuel, hemp is a strong and functional plant.
Unlike the marijuana plant, hemp is legal in all fifty states. This is in large part due to its lack of mind-altering attributes.
You may recall that marijuana can possess up to 30% THC. Hemp, on the other hand, generally contains no more than a mere .3% THC.
That is less than half of a single percentage unit of THC. Therefore, users of hemp-sourced CBD oil can rest assured that they will not undergo the psychoactive effects of THC.
Better yet, hemp produces over twice as much CBD as marijuana. To reiterate, CBD can be derived from both the hemp plant and the marijuana plant.
However, on the federal level, CBD is only legal when derived from the hemp plant.
What are Cannabinoids?
Varietals of the cannabis plant can contain upwards of 80 cannabinoids. For example, THC, or tetrahydrocannabinol, is cannabis' most notorious cannabinoid.
As previously mentioned, THC is responsible for causing the psychoactive effect commonly associated with marijuana products.
Additionally, CBD is another cannabinoid found in cannabis plants. Unlike THC, CBD does not make the user "high". However, CBD contains miraculous health benefits without the mind-altering effects of THC.
Types of CBD Oil
Here's where we get to "broad spectrum hemp" topic of this article. When CBD is extracted from a cannabis plant, other compounds come with it.
Cannabinoids, terpenes, flavonoids, all come out of the plant. The spectrum of CBD oil is determined based on two factors.
- The type of cannabis plant used (hemp, marijuana, etc)
- How the extracted oil is further refined (by deciding what compounds they choose to leave/remove)
The desired effect of the final product will determine how a company will answer the above questions. Overall, there are three primary types of CBD oil: full spectrum, broad spectrum, and CBD isolate.
Full Spectrum CBD Oil
Arguably the most popular type of CBD oil is full spectrum CBD oil, sometimes referred to as "whole plant" CBD. Derived from the hemp plant, full spectrum CBD oil contains a more versatile array of cannabinoids and terpenes.
Naturally, CBD is the primary cannabinoid in full spectrum CBD oil. However, there is also naturally-occurring CBN, CBG, and hints of THC (less than .3%).
This natural blend of compounds tends to amp up the CBD oil's potency and create a phenomenon known as the entourage effect (more on that soon).
It should be noted, that while there are only trace amounts of THC in full spectrum CBD oil, it can sometimes cause a positive drug test.
What are Terpenes?
Simply put, terpenes are the fragrant oils that give cannabis varietals unique scents and flavors. Interestingly enough, terpenes can play a vital role in the effect of a strain of cannabis.
For example, certain terpenes may encourage relaxation, while others promote focus.
Furthermore, terpenes were naturally developed in cannabis plants for survival purposes. The scent of terpenes serves two practical purposes: attract pollinators and deter predators.
Terpenes are naturally developed and unique, based on factors such as weather, soil type, climate, age, and fertilizer.
The Entourage Effect
Every mammalian body contains an endocannabinoid system or "ECS". Similar to the immune system, the ECS helps protect, regulate, and restore the body.
You may have noticed a word we have used a lot in this article nestled in ECS, cannabinoid. The ECS takes kindly to properly administered cannabinoids, enter the entourage effect.
Full spectrum CBD oil triggers the entourage effect in the endocannabinoid system. Essentially, the balanced presence of terpenes and cannabinoids in full spectrum CBD oil encourages the ECS to operate at a higher and more efficient level.
This effect not only promotes overall homeostasis in the body but helps seek out and repair any possible errors.
Broad Spectrum CBD Oil
Like full spectrum CBD oil, broad-spectrum CBD oil contains a variety of cannabinoids (primarily CBD) and terpenes. However, unlike full spectrum products, broad-spectrum CBD contains zero THC.
Reliable companies that sell broad-spectrum hemp products should have no problem backing up their products with proven THC-free lab results.
Broad-spectrum hemp products often require additional refinement to ensure the removal of THC. Fortunately, when done correctly, this product still maintains the integrity and effectiveness of the remaining terpenes and cannabinoids.
The remaining combination of compounds will still encourage the entourage effect but will exclude THC. Better yet, broad-spectrum CBD oil will not trigger a drug test.
To be clear, both full spectrum and broad spectrum CBD oils are legal in all 50 states, so long as the original plant is hemp. If either is derived from the marijuana plant, no matter the level of THC, it is not legal on the federal level.
As you may infer from the name, CBD isolate is primarily composed of CBD. In fact, CBD isolates are composed of 99% or more CBD.
Henceforth, earning the nickname "pure CBD". These products isolate CBD from the other cannabinoids and compounds found in hemp.
This process is especially effective for users who have sensitivities to other types of cannabinoids, such as THC.
If you are shopping for a CBD isolate, it is vital to note the purity level of the product. High-quality CBD isolates should have a lab-tested level of 99.9% CBD.
Lower quality CBD isolates may contain 99.5% CBD. While this leaves mere trace amounts of other cannabinoids, it is still important to note the dip in quality and purity.
CBD Oil vs. Hemp Seed Oil
With the growing demand for CBD products, there are literally countless products on the market today. It is vital to understand the differences.
We already discussed the differences between broad spectrum, full spectrum, and isolate CBD oil. However, you may also see "hemp seed oil" out there as well. So, what is the difference?
Hemp Seed Oil
Also known as "hemp oil", hemp seed oil is completely different from CBD oils. Like the name suggests, hemp seed oil comes from the hemp plant.
However, unlike CBD oils, hemp seed oil contains zero CBD. As you can imagine, hemp seed oil is specifically derived from the seeds of the hemp plant.
Furthermore, hemp seed oil is mechanically dispersed and cold-pressed. Conversely, CBD oils use a complex method of CO2 extraction.
Benefits of Hemp Seed Oil
CBD oils possess an impressive array of health benefits - which we are about to discuss in detail. CBD is often used as a preventative and treatment to certain ailments.
Considering hemp seed oil does not contain any CBD, its benefits are more nutritional in nature. Hemp seed oil contains powerful nutrients such as fiber, protein, vitamin E, and omega fatty acids.
Therefore, hemp seed oil is primarily used as a dietary supplement. Many people choose to utilize its nutritional value by mixing it into food or protein shakes.
CBD Oil Benefits for Dogs
When it comes to CBD oil for our furry friends, there are primarily two of the aforementioned types available: full spectrum and isolate.
You may be thinking, "obviously I choose CBD isolate, I'm not trying to get my dog high"!
However, full spectrum CBD is actually more effective and beneficial for dogs. Naturally, CBD isolate is healthy and beneficial.
However, choosing a full-spectrum CBD oil adds extra pizazz and hoopla to your dog's health regime with the aforementioned entourage effect.
That being said, what are the benefits of full spectrum CBD oil for dogs? Let's discuss, shall we?
CBD Promotes Relaxation
CBD oil is making waves in both the human and canine health worlds when it comes to reducing anxiety. In fact, this favorable feature is what CBD oil is currently best known for.
While all dogs are different, fear of thunderstorms and/or separation anxiety are fairly common issues amongst our canine companions.
Before the emergence of CBD oil, veterinarians would prescribe anti-anxiety medications to alleviate these issues.
However, often times these medications come with a laundry list of side-effects and adverse reactions. Fortunately, CBD oil is a great holistic option for promoting a calm demeanor in your pooch.
Added cherry on top, CBD oil causes virtually zero side effects in dogs. At most, some dogs may experience a bit of lethargy when first introduced to CBD oil. This can be alleviated simply by reducing your dogs CBD dosage.
Supports Healthy Joints
In addition to promoting relaxation, CBD oil works wonders in supporting healthy joints. Better yet, CBD oil may help with pain and inflammation associated with everyday activity.
Unlike many prescription medications, CBD oil is safe to take over the course of longer periods of time.
Support Healthy Skin & Coat
Allergy medication for dogs can cause a number of adverse side effects.
Luckily, CBD oil has been known to naturally and effectively combat seasonal allergies in dogs.
If you suspect your dog is suffering from allergies, talk to your vet about trying CBD!
Promoting a Healthy Body
As previously discussed in this article, full spectrum CBD oil encourages the entourage effect.
This basically promotes overall homeostasis in the body. Not only protecting the body from foreign pathogens but working to repair ailing components.
Incorporating CBD oil into your dog's diet is more than a treatment, it is preventative care. Don't wait until your dog has an issue that needs fixing, start using CBD oil today to help protect your pet from ailments.
Broad Spectrum Hemp: How To Choose
CBD oil is arguably the most popular holistic remedy on the market today. Given the drastic increase in demand for CBD oil, there are now more brands and options than ever.
Sadly, with the growing rise in demand, companies are virtually popping up overnight and cutting corners to get the product out as quickly as possible.
Translation: not all CBD oils are created equally.
In terms of your dog's health, you should only consider purchasing CBD oils that are:
- Made from the hemp plant
- Designed with pets in mind
- Full-Spectrum or Broad Spectrum (not CBD Isolate)
- Lab-tested (with easily accessible documentation to prove it!)
Our personal bias aside, here at Honest Paws, we are proud to meet all of those vital standards. We pride ourselves in making high-quality CBD products that we happily give to our own dear, sweet cats and dogs.
Broad Spectrum Hemp: How To Administer
Naturally, there are countless CBD products on the market today. Even in the pet health arena, you have a number of choices when it comes to CBD oil for dogs.
Once you have selected a brand based on the aforementioned recommendations, there are typically a number of administration methods.
CBD Tinctures for Dogs
Most CBD oil brands have the option to give your dog CBD in a pure oil form. These oils, also known as "tinctures", typically come in different potencies. More than likely, you will select your desired potency based on your dog's weight.
At Honest Paws, for example, if your dog is 25 pounds or less, you would give your dog Level One CBD Oil. You can easily mix the appropriate amount of CBD oil straight into your dogs daily food or water for easy administration.
CBD Dog Treats
Every dog's ears will undeniably perk up at the mention of the sacred word "treat". Why not give your dog a treat that helps them stay healthy?
We are thrilled to make three carefully curated types of CBD dog treats.
- Calming CBD Dog Treats - If you have an anxious pup on your hands, these treats are for you!
- Restore CBD Dog Treats - Is your dog battling pesky allergies? Try Honest Paws Restore treats!
- Relief CBD Dog Treats - Remember that long list of pain CBD can alleviate? If your dog is in pain, try Relief treats from Honest Paws
These bites are not only yummy but designed specifically to help certain types of issues CBD has been known to help.
CBD Peanut Butter and Coconut Oil for Dogs
Peanut butter has been a long time favorite treat of dogs forever. Just stay away from peanut butter with xylitol in it!
Honest Paws has created a revolutionary product that combines the healing powers of CBD oil with the creamy and tasty concoction dogs love: peanut butter. If you don't want to go the route of oils or treats, try CBD infused peanut butter for dogs.
Additionally, Honest Paws has carefully created a CBD infused coconut oil for dogs. Like CBD tinctures, you can easily mix this into your dog's daily dose of food. On the other hand, you can rub it directly onto your dog's skin if they are suffering from agitated skin.
Broad Spectrum Hemp: The Bottom Line
The world of cannabis products is ever-changing and hard to keep up with. New products are coming out every day with a number of different monikers from broad spectrum to full spectrum.
Broad spectrum hemp, specifically, is free of the cannabinoid THC. However, full spectrum CBD oil, when properly produced, contains only traces of THC.
Therefore, when you do your research and select the right products, full spectrum CBD oil is not only safe for your dog but comes with a long list of impressive benefits.
No matter what path you choose for your dog's health journey, talk to your vet today about incorporating CBD oil into their health plan. Now, enough internet time, go give your dog a snuggle!
Chelsea Rivera is a holistic pet wellness expert and writer. She manages written content for Honest Paws - a company that specializes in CBD oil for dogs and cats. Additionally, she is the founder and lead writer for SimpleWag, which focuses on holistic wellness and natural alternatives for dogs.