CBD vs THC: Know The Key Differences - Honest Paws

CBD vs THC: Know The Key Differences

July 09, 2018 1 Comment

CBD vs THC

There are presently well over 100 identified compounds in the cannabis plant, although the two that are the most abundant (and the two that you've probably heard of) are CBD and THC. Although our article title, CBD vs THC, suggests that we are attempting to decipher which compound is better, there really isn't a correct answer. Known as phytocannabinoids, both CBD and THC interact with the endocannabinoid system and the CB1 and CB2 receptors. However, the ways that the cannabinoids interact with the cannabinoid receptors vary thus resulting in differing outcomes.

Additionally, both THC and CBD are currently making incredible strides in the world of holistic health and wellness in similar as well as different ways.

In this article, we hope to shed light on a plant that is so often misunderstood and reveal to our readers just have beneficial it truly can be. Marijuana and the cannabis plant as a whole often gets a bad rap. The more we know and spread the knowledge about the THC and CBD, the more we can all benefit from it.

What is THC?

THC is what people generally think of when they think of 'weed.' When people thinkCBD vs THC about marijuana and experiencing the euphoric, "high" state, they are thinking about THC. You know, the stoner living on his parents couch stereotype. However, THC is so much more than a way to feel that funny, euphoric feeling.

Chemically, THC reacts with the endocannabinoid system’s cannabinoid 1 receptors (CB1). The CB1 receptors are found primarily in the central nervous system and in the brain. The "high" or psychoactive experience associated with recreational or medical marijuana is caused by activating CB1 receptors.

THC is found in the seeds, stalks, and flowers of both marijuana and hemp, although it primarily dominates the marijuana plant. In fact, there is less than 0.3% THC found in the hemp plant.

What Does THC Stand For

THC stands for tetrahydrocannabinol --> TetraHydroCannabinol

However, it's not likely you'll hear THC called by its full name. Despite how known the herb is, not many people know what THC stands for.

Does THC Get You High

Yes.

THC is what creates the "high," euphoric feeling for individuals. When THC infiltrates the brain, it stimulates the cells and causes a dopamine release and activates the cannabinoid receptors. The activation of the cannabinoid receptors can have several different effects on the brain, including psychoactive effects. THC is the component responsible for why marijuana sometimes gets a bit of a bad rap as many people associate THC with being a couch potato.

THC Effects

The effects of THC are typically a euphoric feeling. However, some strains of THC will give the individual bursts of energy. Many artists give credit to THC for their creativity and coming up with concepts that they wouldn't have thought of without the help from the herb. Even in strains of THC that give the individual bursts of energy, the ultimate result is a mellow, relaxing experience.

With strong strains of THC, individuals may experience the euphoric feeling within 10 minutes. In other strains, it may take up to an hour or longer for the high to fully set in.

Typical effects of THC include:

  • Increase in appetite
  • Relaxation
  • Euphoria, or feeling "high"
  • Drowsiness
  • Analgesic (pain relief)

What is CBD?

CBD vs THCCBD is a species of the cannabis plant that has been making great strides in terms of just how beneficial the herb can be for our health. CBD does not cause an intoxicating feeling and is typically used for medicinal purposes since it comes without a psychoactive effect. (Of course, THC and the marijuana plant in general are also incredibly beneficial for health purposes but is commonly still only considered for the purposes of "getting high" -- we are fighting to remove that stereotype).

While CBD can be derived from both hemp and marijuana plants, it dominates the hemp plant. Hemp is likely already apart of your daily life, whether you realize it or not. Hemp is used in fabrics, clothing materials, fuel, and food sources. In fact, you may find hemp milk at your local grocery store. Because of the fact that CBD can be derived from the hemp plant, it is legal in all 50 states. Thus making CBD products available for everyone's consumption and benefit.

What Does CBD Stand For

CBD stands for cannabidiol --> CannaBiDiol

Does CBD Get You High

No.

CBD that is derived from the hemp plant is a THC level less than 0.3%, making it virtually impossible for an individual to get the high feeling from any CBD oil or CBD products. CBD is considered a non-psychoactive, differing it from THC which is psychoactive. Therefore, CBD will not give the consumer any sort of intoxicated feeling. Even CBD that is derived from the marijuana plant has very low levels of THC, although it is only able to be legally purchased in states that marijuana has been legalized.

Effects of CBD

There are typically no effects of CBD. Some individuals report a slight drowsiness or dry mouth, but typically, CBD works to ease any ailment the individual is experiencing without adding any additional feelings.

CBD vs THC

Again, it is truly difficult to say whether one cannabinoid is better than the other so instead, let's review their differences. One of the biggest differences between THC and CBD is whether or not the cannabinoid will cause a "high" or euphoric state. In other words, whether the plant's effects are psychoactive or non-psychoactive. THC is psychoactive and causes the high, euphoric state whereas CBD does not cause any euphoria or psychoactive effects.

Another difference between CBD and THC is the source from where it is derived from. THC is found exclusively in the cannabis (marijuana) plant while CBD is found in both the cannabis plant as well as industrial hemp.

Here's where a huge misconception about THC and CBD comes into play. There are some individuals who still view THC and CBD as "weed" and in their minds, "weed" equals "bad." We want to give a quick breakdown about the often misunderstood cannabis plant in hopes that we can help educate anyone who is unsure and encourage our readers to educate others so that we can eliminate the stereotypes of this beneficial herb.

CBD vs THC

The Cannabis Plant and It's Two Big Players

The marijuana plant and the hemp plant both fall under the same species of plant, Cannabis Sativa L. (the cannabis plant). While they are closely related, there are several differences to take note of.

The marijuana plant is responsible for THC.

Conversely, the hemp plant is responsible for CBD (although CBD can also come from the marijuana plant as well).

Products derived from the marijuana plant are only legal in states where it has been legalized.

Products from the hemp plant are legal in all 50 states.

CBD vs THC: Benefits

While many still only associate THC with getting high, it is far from the truth. Both THC and CBD have incredible health benefits that are changing the lives of suffering individuals every day. In fact, the cannabis plant is allowing people once confined to their homes to actually leave. So, in fact, it is having the opposite effect of the stoner stereotype where the deadbeat kid lives in his parent's basement.

Benefits of CBD

It seems like the list of CBD benefits is growing every day. Here are just some of the ways that CBD is better the lives of the individuals using it.

  • Anti-seizure | Anticonvulsant/antiepileptic
  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Analgesic
  • Anti-tumor effects
  • Anti-psychotic
  • Antioxidant
  • Inflammatory bowel disease
  • Antidepressant
  • Neuroprotective

Additionally, CBD can also treat individuals suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder, panic disorders, and anxiety disorders.

Benefits of THC

  • Analgesic (pain relief including acute and chronic pain)
  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Anti-nauseant
  • Anti-anxiety
  • Antidepressant
  • Appetite stimulant
  • Anti-spasm and anti-tremor
  • Hypotension (lowering of blood pressure)
  • Reduces symptoms of glaucoma
  • Sleep Aid
  • Muscular spasticity | Muscle relaxant
  • Euphoria
  • Stimulation

THC (medical marijuana) and CBD have shown to have incredibly effective results in patients suffering from the following diseases:

  • AIDS (HIV) & AIDS Wasting
  • Alzheimer's Disease
  • Arthritis
  • Asthma / Breathing Disorders
  • Cancer / Nausea
  • Crohn's / Gastrointestinal Disorders
  • Epilepsy / Seizures
  • General / # of Patients
  • Glaucoma
  • Hepatitis C
  • Migraines
  • Multiple Sclerosis / Muscle Spasms
  • Pain / Analgesia
  • Psychological Conditions
  • Tourette Syndrome
  • Terminally Ill

CBD vs THC: Side Effects

The side effects associated with CBD and THC vary dependent on the source, the strain, and which of the cannabinoids is consumed.

Side Effects of CBD

There are typically no side effects associated with CBD. Some individuals report occasional dry mouth or drowsiness that subsides fairly quickly. CBD continues to prove to be incredibly safe, even in large dosages. In fact, CBD has proved to not only be safe for human use but also safe in animals. (More on that in a minute)

Side Effects of THC

While some individuals report negative (or generally undesirable) side effects of THC, it is not possible to have a fatal overdose.

However, some studies have found that certain cannabis strains that are high in THC have the possibility of causing negative, long-term psychiatric effects when used by adolescents. These long-term psychiatric effects include psychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia.

  • Giddiness
  • Drowsiness
  • Anxiousness | Paranoia
  • Memory impairment
  • Time distortion
  • Heightened sensations
  • Confusion
  • Disorientation
  • Clumsiness | Coordination problems
  • Fainting
  • Dizziness
  • Increased heart rate
  • Seizures
  • Dry mouth
  • Red eyes

Individuals who are taking THC should be aware of the potential that it may cause impairment. Patients who are taking THC should not drive or operate machinery while taking the medication.

Legal Status: CBD vs THC

In the United States, the legality of the two cannabinoids depends on the concentration and the source. The laws, obviously, vary in other parts of the world.

THC (The Marijuana Plant)

In 2014, Uruguay became the first country in the world to legalize marijuana for recreational use. Additionally, in 2018, Canada is set to follow suit in the legalization of marijuana products and THC oil. In the United States, marijuana is federally illegal. However, marijuana is legal for recreational use in nine states plus D.C., and the herb is legal for medicinal use in 20 other states. The laws are changing every day. We can only hope that eventually, all 50 states will recognize the incredible health benefits that stem from the powerful marijuana plant.

CBD (The Hemp Plant)

CBD products are legal in all 50 states so long as it is derived from imported high-CBD, low-THC hemp. With that said, CBD that is derived from the marijuana plant follows the aforementioned laws and regulations.

THC AND CBD: Better Together?

Recent studies are finding that combining the marijuana plant’s cannabinoids, flavonoids, and terpenoids for medical purposes works exceptionally better than any of the compounds individually. The concept is referred to as the ‘entourage effect.'

One example that has seen remarkable results is in the use of marijuana in the treatment of chronic pain. THC alone does a superb job at treating the pain and CBD reduces symptoms of psychosis. However, when combined, THC, CBD, and terpenes are continuing to show just how incredibly beneficial the ‘entourage effect' can be. The combination can effectively treat a wide range of ailments including but not limited to depression, migraines, arthritis, and anxiety disorders.

THC and CBD: Changing the Way We View Medicine 

Another positive similarity between THC and CBD is the fact that they are both responsible for making groundbreaking and life-changing differences in the way that we view conventional medicine. While no one can dismiss the benefits of Western medicine, no one can also dismiss that many conventional medications come with a cost, both financial and health-related. 

Flip on the television. You'll quickly see a commercial for a heart medication, a CBD vs THCblood pressure medication, or a drug that helps with migraines or joint pain. At the end of the commercial, in either super tiny font or an outrageously quiet and quickly spoken monologue will tell you the exorbitantly long list of side effects that come along with the medication. In some instances, you may find yourself considering whether lower blood pressure is worth diarrhea, vomiting, headaches, seizures, and potential of death that is associated with the advertised drug. 

With THC and CBD, the side effects are incomparable. While the side effects associated with CBD are virtually non-existent, the side effects that occasionally exist with THC subside rather quickly. And just to reiterate, potential death is never a side effect that comes from the cannabis plant. 

The fact that we have all natural options in healing ourselves is making a world of difference for so many suffering individuals. 

Cannabis Oil

If any of our readers are interested in exploring the world of THC and CBD, we recommend looking into cannabis oils. Of course, depending on the legality of the marijuana in your particular state, you will likely be purchasing CBD hemp oil (although laws are constantly changing). Again, THC oil is only legal where marijuana is legal. CBD hemp oil is a great way to integrate CBD into your daily life. Some individuals report seeing a noticeable change after only a few doses of the seemingly magical herb. We encourage you to give cannabis oil a shot.

Hemp Seed Oil

While it is not a source of CBD, we wanted to give our readers just one more reason to love the hemp plant: hemp seed oil.

Hemp seed oil contains the following nutrients:

  • Omega 3 and 6 fatty acids
  • Amino acids
  • Fiber
  • Vitamins and minerals

Again, while it is not a source of CBD, it still has great benefits. Also, while hemp seed oil offers YOU major health benefits, it should never be given to your pet as adverse side effects will occur. Speaking of pets...

CBD for Our Furry Friends

With all of the talk about how beneficial CBD has proven to be in humans, it was CBD vs THC - CBD for Dogsonly a matter of time before experts began wondering about the potential benefits of the powerful herb for our furry companions. Incredibly, studies are continuing to find that CBD can have life-changing effects on our dogs and cats.

Benefits of CBD for Dogs

We've included just a handful of ways that CBD oil and CBD products can benefit our beloved four-legged friends.

CBD Oil for Pain in Dogs

CBD oil for dogs has shown to be very effective for:

  • Reducing neuropathy pain
  • Easing nerve-related pain
  • Lowering the inflammation on oxidative stress
  • Decreasing inflammation in acute pancreatitis
  • Lessening inflammation and pain associated with inflammation
  • Reducing intestinal inflammation

We recommend either the tincture form of CBD or, for pickier pups, try the turmeric flavored CBD treats!

Fighting Cancer with CBD

That's right, just like in humans, CBD has an anti-tumor effect in dogs. CBD supports the immune system's response to eliminate cancer cells all while maintaining overall homeostasis in the body.

CBD Oil and Treats for Anxiety

What many dog lovers may not realize is that your fur babies can experience high levels of anxiety just like their owners can. This anxiety can come in the several forms such as separation anxiety, anxiety while traveling, or anxiety when new guests come over. If your pup experiences anxiety to any of these, you know just how challenging it can be. Experts are now finding that CBD can reduce and eliminate anxiety in dogs while simultaneously boosting the immune system and supporting the dog's overall well-being.

We love these peanut butter flavored dog treats that support a calm, relaxed state and are great for dogs in anxiety-provoking situations.

Treating Seizures and Epilepsy with CBD Oil

Hemp CBD oil is also treating seizures and epilepsy in dogs, just like it's treating the conditions in humans. An estimated 5% of all dogs suffer from epilepsy. Medications associated with treated seizures in dogs are extremely harsh and present some very unwanted side effects and adverse reactions.

CBD Oil For Preventing Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Experts are also finding that CBD can also prevent inflammatory bowel disease as well as colitis in dogs.

Supporting Heart Health with CBD for Dogs

Additionally, CBD has shown to be effective in supporting the cardiovascular system in dogs and humans alike.

CBD supports heart health by:

  • Decreasing harm from damaged and broken blood vessels
  • Lessening damage caused by an irregular heart rate
  • Protecting the blood vessels and arteries from harm
  • Decreasing elevated heart rate and blood pressure induced by anxiety and stress

Where To Buy CBD Oil for Dogs

Comparable to hemp CBD oil and products for human use, hemp CBD for dogs is also legal in all 50 states. We've provided a few links to our favorite products below.

At the end of the day, the fact that our dogs are also able to benefit from an all natural, non-toxic supplement such as CBD only further proves just how truly remarkable it is.

The CBD Relaxation Bundle --> Click Here!

High Impact CBD Health Bundle --> Click Here!

Forever Young Bundle --> Click Here!

Tetrahydrocannabinol THC for Dogs

THC for dogs (and all other animals) is an absolute NO NO. While CBD has proven to be safe for animal consumption, THC has not. Additionally, THC will not get your dog "high." Instead, THC can make your dog extremely sick. It is critically important that pet owners make sure they are keeping their THC oil and products far away from Fido.

CBD VS THC: The Bottom Line

There is a lot to be said about the potential of the cannabis plant. Both the marijuana plant and the hemp plants have benefits that are quickly making conventional medications and their laundry lists of adverse reactions things of the past. It truly is a remarkable and groundbreaking time for science as well as holistic health. 

However, in order for things to continue falling into place, it is paramount that we all help change the dialogue in regards to cannabis. There is so much that continues to be misunderstood about the beneficial herb and until we change more opinions on it, there will only be a limited number of people who benefit from it. 

Sources

https://blog.honestpaws.com/cbd-oil-for-dogs/

https://www.analyticalcannabis.com/articles/cbd-vs-thc-what-are-the-main-differences-297486

https://news.medicalmarijuanainc.com/differences-cbd-thc/

https://www.marijuanabreak.com/cbd-vs-thc

https://www.canabomedicalclinic.com/thc-vs-cbd/

https://medicalmarijuana.procon.org/view.subissues.php?issueID=000029

 

 


1 Response

Megan Stefan
Megan Stefan

September 07, 2018

There are some instances that I believed that marijuana doesn’t give us a good benefit. I came across this article https://www.greenmed.io/blog/5-ways-cannabis-can-help-your-pet/ saying that CBD can be a useful as a medicine. My pet Goldie (Labrador) was suffering from mast cell tumors a form of skin cancer. And i don’t know how he will be cured then one of my friends told me to use CBD for him. I don’t know if it really works? Any suggestion for this?

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