CBD Isolate, Full Spectrum CBD, and Broad Spectrum CBD: What's the difference? Is one better than the other? We're breaking down these popular terms in the CBD world once and for all and giving you all the answers in this complete guide!
Over the last few years, CBD has become more and more common, but there are still many people with questions about the growing trend. What are the benefits of CBD? What kind of CBD is right for you? How do you know what type of CBD product to start with?
Nowadays, you can buy CBD isolate, full spectrum CBD, and broad spectrum CBD, so there’s a wide variety of cannabis products to select from, which might make it challenging to discern what’s the best option for you--or for your pet!
That’s right, the cannabis industry has become a booming health trend among companion animals like dogs, cats, and horses too, giving our four-legged friends a new reason to smile and live their best lives.
But before you visit your local cannabis store or check out CBD collections online, know that there are a lot of options to choose from, as well as a great deal of important information to know. After all, CBD can be manufactured in many different ways with each providing slightly different effects.
Let's get into each of them to figure out what the best choice is for you and your overall health and, of course, your furry friend’s health as well!
What is CBD Isolate?
CBD isolate is the most basic form of CBD (short for “cannabidiol”) available. It contains only pure CBD with no other cannabinoids, terpenes, or flavonoids present. In other words, the CBD has been isolated from all the other naturally occurring compounds found within the cannabis plant. Typically, CBD isolate products will contain up to 99.9% pure CBD.
In order to obtain CBD isolate, it is filtered from a hemp plant extract made using the CO2 extraction method that’s common in the cannabis industry. This process removes all active compounds from the cannabis plant, including THC, and leaves behind CBD in its purest form. This process leaves CBD crystals or a fine pure CBD powder that looks like sugar. The CBD crystals made from the extraction process of CBD isolate are basically raw, pure cannabidiol extracted from industrial hemp.
CBD Isolate vs Full Spectrum CBD
There are two forms of CBD products you can buy that are the most popular. These are CBD isolate and full spectrum CBD. A lot of CBD oil products that you can purchase come in full spectrum form and contain other cannabinoids besides CBD.
Full spectrum CBD products are derived from the hemp plant (a variety of the cannabis plant) with nothing separated out, which means that you are getting some of everything that was naturally present in the plant: flavonoids, terpenes, plant matter, and other cannabinoids beside CBD like CBN, THCV, CBC, THCA, and CBDV. THC will also be present, though hemp-derived, full spectrum products will typically contain only trace amounts of THC, with levels at less than 0.3%. Because of these small levels, you don’t have to worry about experiencing any serious psychoactive effects as you would with a marijuana product.
Some people prefer full spectrum CBD products (CBD oil being a popular one) because it induces something called the “entourage effect.” Basically, when multiple cannabinoids are present, they work together to provide more substantial results.
You can think of full spectrum CBD as a robust salad. The leafy greens are healthy in and of themselves (this is the CBD by itself), but adding other healthy fruits and vegetables and seeds (other cannabinoids, terpenes, flavonoids) only boosts the health benefits further. That’s how a full spectrum CBD product operates. Experts even argue that the presence of THC heightens the effectiveness of CBD in full-spectrum CBD products even more so.
By contrast, as mentioned before, a CBD isolate product contains none of these other cannabinoids or terpenes. To continue our salad analogy, a CBD isolate product would just be a bowl of leafy greens without any of the added toppings.
So, how do you know what is right for you?
What is CBD Isolate Best for?
The main reason people use CBD isolate instead of full spectrum CBD is because they are looking for a pure CBD experience without any THC.
CBD on its own has absolutely no psychoactive effects which produce that “high” feeling. Since CBD isolate is basically purified CBD, containing over 90% cannabidiol, there’s no risk of psychoactive effects. Also, you don’t need to worry about it showing up in a drug test.
CBD isolate is flavorless and odorless, so if you want to take it at mealtime, it makes things extremely simple.
Also, if you live in a state where THC is illegal or strictly regulated, you can still use CBD isolate, as it comes from the hemp plant, which is legal, and again doesn’t contain any THC.
Lastly, if you are highly sensitive to THC, CBD isolate may be the best option for you. While THC has many benefits, for some people it can cause anxiety and affect their memory, making pure CBD the better choice.
What is Full-Spectrum CBD Best for?
Full spectrum CBD oil is best for those who want to experience the full benefits of the entourage effect. The positive effects of CBD are heightened when it’s able to work with other cannabinoids, and some people consider this a more natural approach to CBD since it is closer to how CBD and the other cannabinoids naturally co-exists within the hemp plant. There is also less processing involved to make full spectrum CBD oil.
People who use full spectrum CBD are usually looking to target a very specific condition or health benefit, or they live in states where cannabis is completely legal. Since full spectrum CBD contains some levels of THC, you might want to keep in mind that it is possible that it will show up in a drug test.
When using full spectrum CBD, it is important to note that the terpenes and flavonoids that are present from cannabis may have a strong smell or taste that some people don’t like. Of course, for some, this is not an issue. However, if it is for you, it is something to be aware of.
It really comes down to what your concerns are and what you are looking to get out of CBD. The entourage effect can be a powerful and helpful way to enhance your CBD experience.
What is Broad Spectrum CBD?
Broad spectrum CBD is a mixture of full spectrum CBD and CBD isolate. The process for making it is similar to that of full spectrum CBD, with the terpenes, plant matter and essential oils remaining. However, the trace amount of THC itself is removed. Because it contains many of the cannabinoids from the cannabis plant, broad spectrum CBD provides the benefits of the entourage effect without the risk of you getting the “high” feeling from THC.
Broad spectrum CBD would be the best choice for people with a sensitivity to THC who are not achieving the desired effects from using CBD isolate.
There may be an odor and taste associated with broad spectrum CBD to be aware of if this is something you don't like. Also, take note that the FDA has not done as much research on broad spectrum CBD as on the other types of CBD available.
The Benefits of CBD
All forms of CBD -- CBD isolate, full spectrum CBD, and broad spectrum CBD -- are beneficial to the body because they interact with our endocannabinoid system, which regulates many functions in our body such as appetite, mood, sleep, and different brain processes.
The benefits of CBD in both humans and pets include:
Supporting normal cardiovascular, immune, and neurological function
Helping maintain healthy joints and connective tissue
Enhancing the body’s immune response
One thing to keep in mind, however, is how studies have proven that full spectrum CBD provides more substantial results than a CBD isolate product does.
Again, this is because a full spectrum CBD products provides you with all the naturally-occurring compounds found in the hemp plant, including flavonoids, terpenes, plant matter, and other cannabinoids beside CBD like CBN, THCV, CBC, THCA, and CBDV.
Working together, these compounds results in what’s known as the “entourage effect,” which provides for more heightened effectiveness.
Popular CBD Products
There are many CBD products that you can use depending on what you are looking for, regardless of whether you opt for CBD isolate, full spectrum CBD, or broad spectrum CBD.
You can buy a CBD lotion or CBD isolates for vaping. You can even buy CBD isolate in its pure crystalline powder form to add to whatever you like. Here are some of the more popular products, broken down into what’s available for people, and what’s common among CBD pet products.
Pure CBD Isolate Powder
You can buy CBD isolate in CBD powder or CBD crystal form from many sellers. This allows you to add the powder to whatever you’d like, making it an easy way to incorporate CBD at mealtime.
CBD Topical Lotion
For topical concerns, a CBD lotion is a great product. You can rub these lotions directly onto sore muscles.
A CBD capsule is a CBD pill that you can take orally to support healthy function in the body. This is a great way to ingest CBD in a way that most of us are already familiar with.
Many people like vaping CBD products in order to feel the benefits quickly. You can buy CBD vape cartridges from many shops, making it an easy way to experience CBD.
CBD Oil or CBD Tincture
For pets, one of the most popular forms of CBD is a CBD oil, which most cannabis companies provide in tincture form. A full spectrum CBD oil is ideal for your four-legged friend, as it provides more substantial results if you’re looking to enhance immune response or target a specific condition.
CBD Bites and CBD Chews
Animals love tasty delights, so what better way to introduce them to the wonderful world of CBD than through delicious bites and chews that come in flavors like poultry, peanut butter, and creamy coconut oil?
CBD Peanut Butter and CBD Coconut Oil
When it comes to cannabis for pets, there are a wide variety of options to choose from. Some pet parents opt for products like CBD-infused peanut butter or CBD-infused coconut oil, which they can simply administer at mealtime or add inside a fun toy.
CBD Isolate: Bottom Line
We're lucky to be living in a time during which there are so many options for enhancing our physical and mental well-being, as well as the physical and mental well-being of our pets!
While CBD isolate, full spectrum CBD, and broad spectrum CBD all have their benefits, here at Honest Paws, we recommend full spectrum CBD when it comes to assisting the immune system, promoting relaxation, supporting healthy joints, and more. This is because a full spectrum CBD product allows your pet to experience the beneficial “entourage effect,” which can provide more substantial results for whatever condition you’re targeting.
And because hemp-derived, full spectrum CBD contains less than 0.3% of THC, you don’t have to worry about your dog or cat experiencing any psychoactive effects. In fact, when it comes to side effects, the most that pet parents observe is slight lethargy when first introducing CBD to their four-legged friends!
CBD products for pets are all the rage these days and are helping animals all over live healthy and happy lives. Why not try CBD on your dog or cat today? Chances are they’ll absolutely love you for it!