Confused about the difference between broad-spectrum hemp and full-spectrum hemp? Keep reading to discover the key differences and learn all you need to know.
A holistic approach to health is more popular and practiced than ever before. With this popularity comes an influx of products, opinions, and information.
When it comes to any and all products derived from the notorious cannabis plant, stigma is sure to be attached. Understandably so, as it's easy to get lost or confused in the tornado of information that's out there.
What’s broad spectrum hemp? Is it the same as full spectrum CBD? What’s full spectrum hemp extract?
Fortunately, in this article, we're going to help clear up this confusion. We're going to specifically discuss broad spectrum hemp, where it comes from, and how it's similar and different from other hemp oils.
Read on to demystify the mysterious hemp plant and the homeopathic ways it's used.
What is Broad Spectrum Hemp?
As you are probably aware, there are countless hemp-based products on the market. You can wear clothes made from hemp, use hemp powered batteries, and even grab a latte at your favorite trendy coffee spot that's made with hemp milk.
Clearly, hemp is an incredibly versatile and useful plant.
Broad spectrum hemp, specifically, is a type of oil (derived from the hemp plant) which is used in making CBD products.
Read on to find out more about perhaps the most popular CBD product: CBD oil!
What is CBD Oil?
CBD is short for "cannabidiol." It's popularly used in the holistic health space.
Legal in all 50 states, CBD quickly rose in fame due to its impressive list of potential health benefits for animals and humans alike.
CBD is derived from plants that are members of the cannabis family. Two of the most well-known members of that family are hemp and marijuana. Hemp, however, does not cause the psychoactive effects that marijuana does. (Unfortunately, there are a lot of misconceptions about this, which have resulted in the stigma around CBD oil).
Read on to find out the scientific differences between CBD derived from the hemp plant and CBD derived from the marijuana plant.
Hemp Plant vs. Marijuana Plant
As previously mentioned, hemp is a member of the cannabis family. As is likely true in your own family, not all members are identical.
People may share similarities, but every member of a family has a unique set of attributes. Members of the cannabis family are no different.
Think of hemp and marijuana as cousins. While they may share similarities on the outside, on the inside, they are quite different.
The Infamous Marijuana Plant
There are many differences between the cannabis cousins hemp and marijuana. First of all, marijuana is not legal in most states.
In fact, in many states, marijuana is only legal for medicinal use. In those states, you need a doctor's prescription to legally acquire any and all marijuana products.
On the scientific side, the chemical composition of marijuana varies greatly from that of hemp. Marijuana is most known for its psychoactive effects. In other words, causing the feeling of being "high."
This physical reaction is caused by tetrahydrocannabinol or "THC." The marijuana plant can boast upwards of 30% THC.
Furthermore, the marijuana plant does, in fact, also contain CBD. However, it does not produce as much CBD as the hemp plant does.
Therefore, be conscious of where your CBD oil is sourced from. If you are in the market purely for therapeutic aid, be sure to only seek out hemp-sourced CBD oil.
The Versatile Hemp Plant
As previously stated, the hemp plant is a powerful ingredient in many commercial products. From hemp milk to hemp fuel, hemp is a strong and functional plant.
Unlike the marijuana plant, hemp is legal in all fifty states. This is in large part due to its lack of mind-altering attributes.
You may recall that marijuana can possess up to 30% THC. Hemp, on the other hand, generally contains no more than a mere 0.3% THC. Therefore, users of hemp-sourced CBD oil can rest assured that they will not undergo the psychoactive effects of THC.
Better yet, hemp produces over twice as much CBD as marijuana.
To reiterate, CBD can be derived from both the hemp plant and the marijuana plant. However, based on federal law, CBD is only legal when derived from the hemp plant.
What are Cannabinoids?
Varietals of the cannabis plant can contain multiple cannabinoids, which are naturally occurring compounds in the plant. Some of these compounds can help the body maintain normal healthy function.
THC, or tetrahydrocannabinol, is cannabis's most notorious cannabinoid. As previously mentioned, THC is responsible for causing the psychoactive effect commonly associated with marijuana products.
CBD is another one of the cannabinoids found in cannabis plants. Unlike THC, CBD does not make the user "high." However, CBD does contain potential health benefits.
Types of CBD Oil
Here's where we get to the subject of "broad spectrum hemp."
When CBD is extracted from a cannabis plant, other compounds come with it. Cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids all come out of the plant. The spectrum of CBD oil is determined based on two factors:
The type of cannabis plant used (hemp, marijuana, etc)
How the extracted oil is further refined (by deciding what compounds they choose to leave/remove)
The desired effect of the final product will determine how a company will answer the above questions. Overall, there are three primary types of CBD oil: full spectrum, broad spectrum, and CBD isolate.
Full Spectrum CBD Oil
Arguably the most popular type of CBD oil is full spectrum CBD oil, sometimes referred to as "whole plant" CBD. Derived from the hemp plant, a full spectrum CBD product contains a more versatile array of cannabinoids and terpenes.
Naturally, CBD is the primary cannabinoid found in a full spectrum product. However, there is also naturally-occurring CBN, CBG, and hints of THC (less than 0.3%).
This natural blend of compounds tends to amp up the CBD oil's potency and create a phenomenon known as the entourage effect (more on that soon).
It should be noted, that while there are only trace amounts of THC in full spectrum CBD oil, it can sometimes cause a positive drug test.
What are Terpenes?
Simply put, terpenes are the fragrant oils that give cannabis varietals unique scents and flavors. Interestingly enough, terpenes can play a vital role in the effect of a strain of cannabis.
For example, certain terpenes may encourage relaxation while others can promote focus.
Terpenes were naturally developed in cannabis plants for survival purposes. The scent of terpenes serves two practical purposes: to attract pollinators and to deter predators.
Terpenes are naturally developed and unique, based on factors such as weather, soil type, climate, age, and fertilizer.
The Entourage Effect
Every mammalian body contains an endocannabinoid system or "ECS." Similar to the immune system, the ECS helps protect, regulate, and restore the body.
You may have noticed a word we have used a lot in this article nestled in ECS, cannabinoid. The ECS takes kindly to properly administered cannabinoids, hence the entourage effect.
Full spectrum CBD oil triggers the entourage effect in the endocannabinoid system. Essentially, the balanced presence of terpenes and cannabinoids in full spectrum CBD oil encourages the ECS to operate at a higher and more efficient level, promoting overall homeostasis in the body.
Broad Spectrum CBD Oil
Like full spectrum CBD oil, broad spectrum CBD products contain a variety of cannabinoids (primarily CBD) and terpenes. However, unlike full spectrum products, broad spectrum CBD contains zero THC.
Reliable companies that sell broad spectrum hemp products should have no problem backing up their products with proven THC-free lab results.
Broad spectrum hemp products often require additional refinement to ensure the removal of THC. Fortunately, when done correctly, this product still maintains the integrity and effectiveness of the remaining terpenes and cannabinoids.
The remaining combination of compounds will still encourage the entourage effect but will exclude THC. Better yet, broad spectrum CBD oil will not trigger a drug test.
To be clear, both full spectrum and broad spectrum CBD oils are legal in all 50 states, so long as the original plant is hemp. If either is derived from the marijuana plant, no matter the level of THC, it is not legal on the federal level.
As you may infer from the name, CBD isolate is primarily composed of CBD. In fact, CBD isolates are composed of 99% or more CBD.
Henceforth, earning the nickname "pure CBD." These products isolate CBD from the other cannabinoids and compounds found in hemp.
This process is especially effective for users who have sensitivities to other types of cannabinoids, such as THC.
If you are shopping for a CBD isolate, it is vital to note the purity level of the product. High-quality CBD isolates should have a lab-tested level of 99.9% CBD.
Lower quality CBD isolates may contain 99.5% CBD. While this leaves mere trace amounts of other cannabinoids, it is still important to note the dip in quality and purity.
CBD Oil vs. Hemp Seed Oil
With the growing demand for CBD products, there are literally countless products on the market today. It is vital to understand the differences that make each CBD product unique.
We already discussed the differences between broad spectrum, full spectrum, and isolate CBD oil. However, you may also see "hemp seed oil" out there as well. So, what is the difference?
Hemp Seed Oil
Also known as "hemp oil," hemp seed oil is completely different from CBD oils.
Like the name suggests, hemp seed oil comes from the hemp plant. However, unlike CBD oils, hemp seed oil contains zero CBD. As you can imagine, hemp seed oil is specifically derived from the seeds of the hemp plant.
Furthermore, hemp seed oil is mechanically dispersed and cold-pressed. Conversely, CBD oils use a complex method of CO2 extraction.
Benefits of Hemp Seed Oil
CBD oils possess an impressive array of potential health benefits - which we are about to discuss in detail, and CBD is often used to support various conditions.
Considering hemp seed oil does not contain any CBD, its benefits are more nutritional in nature. Hemp seed oil contains powerful nutrients such as fiber, protein, vitamin E, and omega fatty acids.
Therefore, hemp seed oil is primarily used as a dietary supplement. Many people choose to utilize its nutritional value by mixing it into food or protein shakes.
CBD Oil Benefits for Dogs
When it comes to CBD oil for our furry friends, there are primarily two of the aforementioned types available: full spectrum and isolate.
You may be thinking, "Obviously, I choose CBD isolate. I'm not trying to get my dog high!"
Naturally, CBD isolate is healthy and beneficial. However, full spectrum CBD is actually more effective and beneficial for dogs.
Choosing a full spectrum CBD oil can support your dog's natural health regime, especially considering the aforementioned entourage effect.
That being said, what are the benefits of full spectrum CBD oil for dogs?
CBD Promotes Relaxation
CBD oil is making waves in both the human and canine health worlds when it comes to maintaining calmness. In fact, this favorable feature is what CBD oil is currently best known for.
While all dogs are different, fear of thunderstorms and/or nervousness when pet owners leave for work are fairly common issues amongst our canine companions.
Fortunately, CBD oil can be a great holistic option for promoting calmness and for helping your dog cope with external stresses.
As an added cherry on top, CBD oil causes virtually no side effects in dogs. At most, some dogs may experience a bit of lethargy when first introduced to CBD oil, but this can be alleviated simply by reducing your dog's CBD dosage.
Supports Healthy Joints
In addition to promoting relaxation, CBD oil works wonders in supporting healthy joints.
Better yet, CBD oil may help ease joint stiffness and discomfort associated with everyday activity or normal aging.
Supports Healthy Skin
Just like their owners, dog can experience seasonal allergies and skin irritations.
Luckily, CBD oil can help support skin health in dogs!
If you suspect your dog is suffering from allergies, talk to your vet about trying CBD!
Promotes a Healthy Mind & Body
As previously discussed in this article, full spectrum CBD oil encourages the entourage effect.
This basically promotes overall homeostasis in the body and supports the body's normal, healthy functions.
Broad Spectrum Hemp: How To Choose
CBD oil is arguably the most popular holistic remedy on the market today. Given the drastic increase in demand for CBD oil, there are now more brands and options than ever.
Sadly, with the growing rise in demand, companies are virtually popping up overnight and cutting corners to get their product out as quickly as possible.
In other words: not all CBD oils are created equally.
We encourage pet parents to do their homework when it comes to purchasing a CBD product.
Here are just a few things to look out for:
Make sure that the CBD comes from a respected, reputable company that’s in good standing with the Better Business Bureau.
The CBD should be organic, non-GMO, soy free, 100% natural, full spectrum, and human grade. It should also be made from the hemp plant.
Only select CBD products for your pet that are certified with the NASC. Companies with a certification from the NASC (National Animal Supplement Council) undergo rigorous quality audits to ensure they're meeting the highest current standards in the animal health product industry. Purchasing CBD from an NASC-compliant company ensures you're doing business with a company that is both ethical and 100% dedicated to providing you with safe and high-standard products. This is significant, considering the alarming number of CBD products on the market today that actually contain ZERO CBD, according to a recent study.
Finally, only purchase CBD that has been lab tested to ensure quality and safety. The company you do business with should be able to furnish you with a certificate of analysis (COA) upon request, which is a laboratory report of the product’s chemical make-up. This allows you to make sure that the THC levels in the CBD product are low enough to not affect your canine friend.
We use 100% pure full spectrum CBD hemp oil from hemp plants cultivated in Colorado. Made in the USA and thoroughly lab tested, we guarantee the quality of our products.
Our CBD products are human grade, organic, 100% natural, and completely vegan. Additionally, they’re non-GMO, soy free, dairy free, corn free, and gluten free as well!
And we’re extremely proud to be certified with the National Animal Supplement Council for all our products. The organization came into existence when it was clear that no one was regulating the animal supplement industry. We know your animal companion is a part of your family, though, and should only receive the best quality when it comes to health and wellness. Our NASC certification is part of our dedication to ensuring we only provide you with the safest and highest standard of products.
Not many companies can say the same about their products!
Broad Spectrum Hemp: How To Administer
Naturally, there are countless CBD products on the market today. Even in the pet wellness space, you have a number of choices when it comes to CBD oil for dogs.
Once you have selected a brand based on the aforementioned recommendations, there are typically a number of administration methods.
CBD Tinctures for Dogs
Most CBD oil brands have the option to give your dog CBD in a pure oil form.
The oil is usually in tincture form, and typically comes in different potencies. More than likely, you will select your desired potency based on your dog's weight.
At Honest Paws, you can choose from any of our condition-specific oils.
A great benefit of CBD tinctures is that they help pet parents have total control over how much oil their dog is receiving. This is made possible because the CBD tincture comes equipped with a dropper that allows you to either administer the CBD oil directly into your dog’s mouth or administer it at mealtime.
Every dog's ears perk up at the mention of something yummy. Why not give your dog a delicious bite that can also help support their health?
We are thrilled to make three carefully curated types of CBD dog bites.
These bites are not only mouth-watering for your dog, but they're also designed specifically to support certain types of conditions.
CBD Peanut Butter and Coconut Oil for Dogs
Peanut butter has been a long-time favorite of dogs forever. It makes sense. It's a fantastic munchie for your pup - as long as you stay away from peanut butter with xylitol in it!
Honest Paws has created a revolutionary product that combines the power of CBD oil with the creamy and tasty concoction dogs love: peanut butter. If you don't want to go the route of oils or bites, try CALM CBD peanut butter for dogs.
Broad Spectrum Hemp: The Bottom Line
The world of cannabis products is ever-changing and hard to keep up with. New products are coming out every day with a number of different monikers from broad spectrum to full spectrum.
Broad spectrum hemp, specifically, is free of the cannabinoid THC. However, full spectrum CBD oil, when properly produced, contains only traces of THC.
When you do your research and select the right product, you'll find that full spectrum CBD oil is not only safe for your dog but also comes with a long list of potential health benefits.
No matter what path you choose for your dog, be sure to talk to your veterinarian today about potentially incorporating CBD oil into their normal health regime.
Now, enough internet time -- go give your dog a snuggle!