Regardless of if you are new to the hemp and CBD space, or if you’re a veteran who knows most terms related to hemp or CBD, a glossary is never a bad idea to have in your back pocket. Terms can be confused over time leading to misinformation and misunderstandings around certain terms or topics. Here’s a helpful glossary about hemp and CBD vocabulary:
Hemp & CBD Terms Glossary
2-Arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG) is an endocannabinoid naturally produced by the body. It interacts with cannabinoid receptors in the endocannabinoid system and plays a role in various physiological processes.
Anandamide is a neurotransmitter and an endocannabinoid that binds to cannabinoid receptors in the brain and nervous system. It is often referred to as the "bliss molecule" and is associated with feelings of happiness and well-being.
Bioavailability refers to the extent and rate at which a substance, such as CBD or THC, is absorbed and becomes available for use by the body. High bioavailability ensures better effectiveness and quicker onset of action.
Broad-spectrum CBD products contain a range of cannabinoids and beneficial compounds found in hemp, except for THC. They offer the potential benefits of multiple cannabinoids without causing any intoxicating effects.
Cannabidiol is one of the main cannabinoids found in hemp. It is non-psychoactive and has been associated with potential therapeutic effects, such as promoting relaxation and supporting joint health in pets.
Cannabinoids are a group of active compounds found in hemp and cannabis plants. They interact with the endocannabinoid system and may have various effects on the body.
CB1 receptors are cannabinoid receptors primarily found in the brain and central nervous system. They play a role in regulating mood, pain perception, and appetite.
CB2 receptors are cannabinoid receptors found mainly in the immune system and peripheral tissues. They are involved in regulating inflammation and immune responses.
CBD isolate is a pure form of CBD that has been isolated from other compounds found in hemp. It contains only cannabidiol and no other cannabinoids or terpenes.
Certificate of Analysis (COA):
A Certificate of Analysis is a document provided by a third-party lab that verifies the contents, purity, and potency of a CBD/THC product. It ensures that the product is safe and contains the stated amount of cannabinoids.
The entourage effect refers to the synergistic interaction of various cannabinoids, terpenes, and other compounds found in hemp. Together, they may enhance the overall therapeutic benefits of the product.
Enzymes (related to CBD):
Enzymes are biological molecules that facilitate chemical reactions in the body. Some enzymes play a role in metabolizing cannabinoids like CBD in the body.
Exogenous cannabinoids are cannabinoids that come from external sources, such as hemp-derived CBD or THC products. Endogenous cannabinoids are those naturally produced by the body.
Full-spectrum CBD products contain a wide range of cannabinoids, terpenes, and other beneficial compounds found in hemp, including trace amounts of THC (less than 0.3%). They offer the potential benefits of the entire hemp plant.
Hemp oil is a natural oil extracted from hemp seeds. It does not contain CBD or other cannabinoids but is rich in essential fatty acids, vitamins, and minerals, making it a nutritious dietary supplement for pets.
CBD oil specifically refers to products that contain CBD extracted from the aerial parts of the hemp plant. It is often mixed with a carrier oil (such as coconut or hemp seed oil) to improve absorption.
Phytocannabinoids are cannabinoids that are naturally produced by hemp and other plants. They mimic the effects of endocannabinoids in the body.
A salve is a topical product, often infused with CBD or other cannabinoids, designed to be applied to the skin for localized relief and support.
A balm is similar to a salve and is a topical product used to soothe and nourish the skin. It may contain CBD and other beneficial ingredients.
Terpenes are aromatic compounds found in hemp and other plants that contribute to their unique flavors and scents. They may also have potential therapeutic effects when combined with cannabinoids.
Tetrahydrocannabinol is the psychoactive compound found in cannabis plants that causes the "high" sensation. In pet CBD products, THC levels are typically very low (less than 0.3%) to prevent any intoxicating effects.
A tincture is a liquid CBD product that is typically administered sublingually (under the tongue) for quick absorption into the bloodstream.
A topical CBD product is designed to be applied directly to the skin. It can be in the form of creams, balms, salves, or lotions and is used for localized relief and support.
Cannabigerol (CBG) is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid found in hemp. It is considered the precursor to other cannabinoids like CBD and THC. CBG has been studied for its potential therapeutic properties, including promoting a sense of calm and supporting digestive health in pets.
Delta-8 THC (Delta-8 Tetrahydrocannabinol):
Delta-8 THC is a minor cannabinoid that occurs naturally in hemp. It is chemically similar to Delta-9 THC (the main psychoactive compound in cannabis) but is reported to have a milder psychoactive effect. In pet products, Delta-8 THC levels are typically very low (less than 0.3%) to prevent any significant intoxicating effects while potentially offering therapeutic benefits.
Please note that while some of these compounds, such as CBG and Delta-8 THC, may be present in pet CBD products, their concentrations are generally low and unlikely to cause any psychoactive effects in pets. Always consult with a veterinarian before introducing any new supplement or product to your pet's routine.